Shimba Hills National Reserve was first gazetted in 1903 as a National Forest where Mkongani North and West Forest Reserves adjoin the reserve as they serve as a catchment area for two rivers. However in 1968, it was expanded to include the adjacent grasslands.
Mwaluganje Elephant Sanctuary is a forest about 14km from the main gate of Shimba Hills.
The coastal forest is home to the endemic sable antelope and provides unique habitat for the elephants. Best place to view the elephants is Giriama Point.
There is a fenced corridor creating a migration path for the elephants. At one point, Shimba Hills had the highest density of elephant population; totalling to 700. This created a strain on resources as well man-wildlife conflict and as such, some elephants were moved to the Tsavo.
Wildlife that can be spotted hiding in the dense vegetation include the Sable Antelope, Elephant shrew, bushy tailed mongoose and other small mammals like fruit bats.
Shimba Hills National Reserve is located 40 km from Mombasa and only 15km from Diani Coast. From Mombasa, take the ferry at Likoni to access the southern coastline where Diani and Tiwi beaches are. Then, take the main road and drive 10 km southwards until the main crossroad. Take the road to Kwale Town from where the main gate is located. The gate is about 1 km from the main road and 3 km from Kwale Town.
Kenya Citizen Adult Ksh. 350
Kenya Citizen Child Ksh.200
Resident Adult Ksh. 600
Resident Child Ksh.350
Non-Resident Adult USD 25
Non-Resident Child USD 15