Otjiwarongo, whose name means “a pleasant place”, is popularly called the Cheetah capital of the world as 20% of the cheetah population is found here mainly in private conservation areas and parks. Otjiwarongo is home to some of Namibia’s popular private game farms and nature reserves and has a very quiet and peaceful environment. Otjiwarongo has many facilities such as banks,malls and hotels. German influence is very evident and can be seen in its houses and the number of German-speaking people.
The indigenous population were the Herero tribe who named the area Otjiwarongo,to mean "a place where fat cattle graze". Appropriately so, the region is known for cattle ranches and breeding in Namibia. The Germans were next to settle in Otjiwarongo in 1900 followed by Ovambo and Damara tribes in 1906.
Otjiwarongo is not called the Cheetah capital of the world for nothing. The Waterberg Conservancy at the Waterberg National Park and the AfriCat Foundation just south of Otjiwarongo are regular destinations for wildlife lovers who want to see endangered cheetahs and African cats in their natural environment. On the eastern outskirts of the town is the Crocodile Ranch, which breeds Nile Crocodile and also has a campground. The Waterberg National Park itself has a diverse collection of animals ranging from birds to rhinos and cheetahs.
The town lies along the highway B1 road which is a link between Windhoek, Otavi, Grootfontein,Tsumeb and Etosha National Park. The TransNamib railway connects Otjiwarongo to Windhoek as well as Swakopmund.