Ngorongoro Crater is one of the main features within the Ngorongoro Conservation Area in Arusha, Tanzania. Ngorongoro crater was formed through a volcano eruption almost three million years ago. The elevation of the crater floor is 5,900 feet above sea level and its floor covers 100 square miles (264sq.km.).
The crater became a natural enclosure for a wide variety of wild animals including lions, leopards and hyenas, herds of wildebeest, buffaloes and zebras. It is also presently one of the most likely areas in Africa to see the endangered Black Rhino.
Because of the variety of animals present at the Crater, it has become a well-known tourist attraction site. To explore Ngorongoro Crater, choose either a game drive safari or a hike up the crater.
While touring Ngorongoro Crater you could also take a trip to the Olduvai Gorge Museum, which hosts the specimen of the earliest human genus and Alaitole in Ngarusi area where the early human footprints were discovered.