5 Mountains in Ghana for the perfect Hike

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Ghana is not particular popular for its mountains as much as it is for its natural gold deposits for instance from which it derives its name. But it does have a considerable amount of highlands that would interest the environmental tourist, traveler, or hiker.

Here’s a list of some of the notable mountains in Ghana if you’re looking for locations for hiking and mountain climbing in Ghana.

Mount Afadja

Mount Afadja also called, Afadjato has an elevation of 2,887 feet, making it the highest mountain in Ghana. It sits in the Agumatsa Range, not far from the villages of Liati and Gbledi in the Volta region. Afadja derives its name from the Ewe Word “Avadzeto” which means “at war with the Bush”. The mountain provides a home to many species of flora and fauna. More than 33 species of mammals and about 300 butterfly species live in the ecological region. The lush green mountains of the ridge mark the country’s border with Togo.

Mount Edouka

Standing at an elevation of 2,542 feet, Mount Edouka is the second highest mountain in Ghana. Its location extends into Badou in Togo. The tropical climate of the mountain region facilitates the growth and a development of a wide range of flora and fauna. Mount Edouka locality, in the jungles that separate Ghana and Togo makes it difficult to record its biodiversity. The wild animals are few in these tropical forests, but monkeys, lizards, snakes, birds, and insects are numerous.

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Mount Atiwiredu

Mount Atiwiredu is part of the Atewa Range and is found in the Akyem-Abuakwa region of southeastern Ghana. The mountain rises to 2,539 feet above sea level. The mountain range stretches north-south with steep-sided hills and fairly flat summits. The Atewa Range is the only remaining evidence of the Cenozoic Peneplain that covered southern Ghana. The mountain has bauxite-containing soils. The reserves are maintained by the Forestry Commission of Ghana and key stakeholders like the Okyeman Environmental Foundation. The management restricts any form of farming in the area and encourages eco-tourism. The range provides habitats for bird species like afep pigeon, least honeyguide, common bristlebill, blue-headed crested flycatcher, and the beautiful olive long-tailed-cuckoo. Two rare primate species, Colobus vellerosus (Geoffroy’s pied colobus), and Procolobus verus, (the olive colobus) also live here. Other species inhabiting these regions include 17 rare butterfly species like the Papilio antimachus (has the widest wingspan in the world), and the critically endangered Mylothris atewa. The rivers of Ayensu, Densu, and Birim source from these ranges and the later provides a diamond mining area.

Mount Kwamisa

Kwamisa Mountain in Ghana peaks at an elevation of 2,479 feet. It lies near the Kwamisa Forest Reserve, with Subranum and Ahiruam lying around six and eight kilometers away, respectively. The Opro River Forests Reserve lies 11 kilometers northeast of Kwamisa, Asufu Shelterbelt Forest Reserve West is about 11 kilometers southeast, and Beremi and Domiabra are 11 kilometers southwest of the mountain. Around 21.2% of Ghana’s area is forested. However, recurrent droughts brought about the harmattan winds that blow from January to March threaten these forests.

Mount Gemi

Mount Gemi is located in the Amedzofe Village of about 3000 inhabitants and got its name from the acronym of German Evangelical Missions Institute a missionary school built by a group of German presbytarian missionaries. The locals of Amedzofe however originally call the mountain Gayito which means ‘God defends’ in reference to how the mountain shielded the indigenes from the Ashantis during wartime.

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