Traditional fair in Bangladesh

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Bangladesh is a place of colorful Fair & Festivals. It is a traditional fair (or special occasion of celebration). The festivals keep people connected to their roots, culture, values, and origin. It helps people come together and celebrate. Every nation has its own traditional festivals.

Bangladeshi fair is rich in colors and traditions. The history of Bangladesh is old and eventful. The land always attracted people for its festive mood. A village fair is a place of joy and fun. Magicians, circus parties, and opera bands also put up their tents in a village fair and add to the joy and delight of the people. Everybody waits for this annual event with great hope and attends it with profound pleasure.

The followings are the traditional fair of Bangladesh.

pohela boishak bangladesh

Pahela Baishakh

The tradition of biggest and most colorful celebration of Pahela Baishakh, also known as Baisakhi Mela, was introduced by Mughal Emperor Akbar and the day was termed as a day for ceremonial land tax
collection. It was also used as Akbar’s fiscal policy to start the Bangla new calendar year known as Bangabda. The celebration of Pahela Baishakh takes place under the Banyan Tree at Ramna Park in Dhaka.  The program starts with Tagore’s famous song titled as “Eso he Baishakh eso eso” (Come to
O Baishakh, come) performed by the artists of Chhayanat. The students and teachers of Institute of Fine Arts bring out a colorful procession and parade around their campus with sculptures that resemble our old age culture. The day is a public holiday in Bangladesh. The program begins with singing in most
the cheerful and colorful manner in every year throughout the country.

People of all ages wearing festive dresses perform traditional songs welcoming the New Year. One of
the main customaries of Pahela Baishakh are clearing up all the past dues on the last day of Chaitra (the twelfth month of the Bengali calendar) and opening a new ledger book by the business men.  On this day, the landlords or the shop owners offer sweets to their tenants and customers. Different kinds of traditional handicrafts, toys, potteries, bangles, pitchers and cane products are the main exhibits of the fairs. Bangladeshi festive foods that include hand-made cakes, special kinds of food stuff, sweets, watered rice (pantabhat), fried hilsa fish (ilish Vaja) and many others local foods are also the main attraction of the fair.

The fairs also provide entertainment with singers and dancers staging Jatra, Pala gan, Kavigan, Jarigan,
Gambhira Gan, Gazir Gan and Alkap Gan. Artistes present folk songs as well as
Baul, Marfati, Murshidi and Bhatiali songs.  

 

pohela boishak bangladesh

Ashwin Sankranti

It is presumed that the age of the fair is around 200 years. The origin of this fair is uknown. This renowned fair is held on the bank of the river in a village of Durgapur Upazila named Khulshi in Rajshahi District every year. The fair starts on the first day of Bengali month of Ashwin and continues for three days. The people living away from the village come back to their villages to join the
festival.  The main attraction of the fair is a circus. A special kind of sweet made of flour and sugar juice named Jilapi is famous and is sold in huge quantities. Her attractions and exhibits are toys, household items, puffed rice, pottery, and cosmetics.

Shib Chaturdashi

A thousand years old Shib temple stands at the top of Chandranath hill at Sitakunda in Chittagong District. The Fair continues for three consecutive days following the religious rituals where thousands of devotees gather in a Shiva temple at night on 14th Falgun. Some times the number of devotees exceeds one hundred thousand. The fair is one of the oldest fairs in the subcontinent. The fairground extends up to 10 km from Sitakunda bazaar. There are also many other old temples situated in various places over the 500 meters hill.

Poush Sankranti

The festival is also known as a kite festival, observed in old Dhaka on 14th Poush of Bengali month every year. In the afternoon, the people of all ages gather with their kites and they fly their kites High. Every participant attempts to snag each other’s kite on a friendly competition.

Gurpukur Fair

The fair is held on last of the Bengali month of Bhadra at Gur pukur in Shathkhira every year for worshipping the goddess of snake also known as Monsha Puja.  There is a legend, that in the 11th century towards the end of the Bengali month of Bhadra person while walking became tired and fell asleep under a banyan tree. When he woke up, he found a deadly cobra shading him from sunlight. Since then the worshipping of the snake goddess began at Gurpukur which continues for one month. The main exhibits at the fair are furniture made of Sundarbans wood and fruit plants. The entertainments like
puppet shows, magic shows and Jatra (folk theater) are also arranged and since 1992.

 

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Langlalbandh

The fair is held on the bank of the Brahmaputra river for Ashtami snan (ritual bath) every year on the 8th day of the Bengali month of Chaitra. Thousands of Hindu devotees from home and abroad assemble on the bank of the river for Ashtami snan in the river. A three-day fair starts before the day of Ashtami snan and ends after the day of the bathing ceremony.

Rashmela

Rash Mela is celebrated by the Bishnupriya group of Manipuri Hindu community of Bangladesh. Rash Purnima is held on the day of full moon in the Bangla month of Kartik (late autumn or mid-October
to mid-November). It is celebrated in honor of Lord Krishna and his eternal love Sri Radhika. In the afternoon, the festival begins with a dance depicting Lord Krishna’s notorious young life. Children dress up as Krishna and perform in front of hundreds of devotees. In the evening begins Rash Nritya, a Manipuri style dance performed by young girls wearing traditional Manipuri garbs. Rash Mela is
mainly celebrated in dublarchar at Sundarban, kalapara at kuakata and komalganj at Maulvibazar. This is the main festival of Manipuri.

Lalon Mela

Lalon Shah is one of most acclaimed and prominent philosopher from Bangladesh. His distinctive tradition of philosophy is still being carried out through thousands of songs and composition which he wrote during his lifetime. His vision of human life is the fundamental base of Baul culture and tradition which is now currently appreciated and studied by major researchers all over the world. Every year on the first week of April, a fair is organized following Lalon Shah’s birth anniversary by the devotees. The fair is held at the akhra (the place where Lalon lived) situated in Kushtia. The entire place goes through colorful decoration on this occasion. Thousands of devotees from both abroad and Bangladesh gather in the Akhra to celebrate this day. With ektara and another musical instrument, the singers of Lalon Academy perform Lalon’s sing all night during this fair. With the hymn of thousands unique
composition, the devotees from all around the world remember the veracity of his philosophical thoughts.

Aren’t these festivals so attractive? Do you have any plan to enjoy such beautiful fairs? Go to Jovago Bangladesh web page or download Jovago app and book your hotel easily. Stay tension less and enjoy
the cultural activities. I assure, your body and mind will fill-up with the color.

By
Abu Zafar

 

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